Italian wine is grown in virtually every region of Italy, which home to some of the world’s oldest most famed wine-making regions. Italy is today the world’s biggest producer of fine wine, with a land area of 701,000 kilometres under vineyard growing vines for an incredible 5.6 billion litres of wine produced annually. The majority of Italian wine is made from Chardonnay, a grape which is extremely famous throughout Italy, especially for its ability to ferment flawlessly without any tannin. Chardonnays are also very famous throughout the world for their use in many well known Italian desserts, however it is their unique taste that makes them such a top choice for making Italian wine.
Apart, from Chardonnay, Italian wine makers also have a wide variety of grape varieties on offer. Some of these grape varieties are more suited to making dry red wines, whereas others produce an ideal wine for serving with fruits and vegetables, or as an accompaniment to stronger dry red wine. Some of the common grape varieties used by Italian wine makers include: Valpolicella, Rosso Ventian, Asti, Pinot Noir, Sale Sicilia, Penicillium, Syrah, Sauvignon Blanc and Italian Syrah. Although there is much variation in the Italian wine grape varieties, some of these grape varieties have become highly popular through the years in Italy.
Italian white wine is classified according to the variety of the grape that was used to make it. For example, if an Italian white wine is made from a variety of Chardonnay grapes, then it is called Click Here a Chardonnay wine. Also, if a white wine is made from a variety of Muscat grape, then it is called a Muscat wine. Some of the most common white grape varieties in Italy include: Alfalfa, Badia, Pinotage, Sagada, Toumus Ester and Vitello Tonnato.
Italian wine makers also tend to use grape varieties that are native to the region of Tuscany where they are located. For example, Italian wine makers make their wines in the famous Tuscany Valley. The famous valley is made up of three mountain ranges namely, Colli, Montalcino and Tagliaco. Some of the grape varieties grown in this region include: Albillo, Gavi, Pigato, Pinotage, Scopelto and Vitis vinifera.
Italian wine makers also use grapes grown in other parts of Tuscany, such as the city of Modena and its surrounding regions. Some of the most commonly grown grapes in Modena are: Lambrusco, Pinotage, Sagada, Gavi, and Sauvignon Blanc. Some Italian wine producers even grow grape varieties not native to Tuscany, such as the ubiquitous apricot. One of the most important characteristics of Italian wine, especially when aged correctly, is that it develops an “ancillary” taste or aroma from its secondary fermentation process. This process allows the natural flavor and aromas of a wine to escape into the final bottle.
The production of Italian wines takes place at different sites throughout Italy. For example, there are two small mountain villages in Liguria that produce a large variety of wines called “controllata doc”. The grape varieties used in these small Italian wine villages include: Pinotage, Sauvignon Blanc, Gavi, and Vitis vinifera. In the town of Lucca, the Italian wine industry is centered around the town of Modena and is considered the capital of Modena. The main grape varieties grown in this city are: Aventurine, Sagrada Familia, Brecci, Pinotage, Muscat, Pinot Gris and Lambrusco.