The Boeing PT-17 Stearman in Flight Over Massachusetts

Climbing over the narrow, wing-root walkway and stepping on to the cushioned seat of the tandem, two-place, blue and yellow fabric-covered open-cockpit Boeing PT-17 Stearman registered N55171 in Stow, Massachusetts, I lowered myself into position with the aid of the two upper wing trailing edge hand grips and fastened the olive-green waist and shoulder harnesses. Donning era-prerequisite goggles and helmet, I surveyed the fully duplicated instrumentation before me and prepared myself both for an aerial sightseeing fight of Massachusetts and a brief, although temporary, return to World War II primary flight training skies.

The Boeing PT-17 Stearman had its origins in a self-financed design project intended for military training purposes. Just beginning to see a flicker of light at the end of Great Depression’s tunnel and hitherto only surviving by manufacturing parts and components for other aircraft, primarily those for the Boeing B247 twin-engined airliner, the Stearman Aircraft Company believed that its future could only be secured with a military design.

Investing its own funds in 1933, it modified a Model 6 Cloudboy, an earlier Lloyd Stearman aircraft, by introducing a new, circular fuselage cross-section similar to that used by the Model 80, another Stearman design, providing only lower-wing ailerons, incorporating a cantilever undercarriage, and mounting a new tail with adjustable trims on the trailing edge of its elevators. Designated Model 70, it had first flown from Wichita, Kansas, on January 1, 1934 powered by a nine-cylinder, 210-hp, Lycoming R-680 radial engine, proving rugged, reliable, and well-suited to rigorous training regiments with the ability to tolerate the aerobatic maneuvers to which fledgling pilots often subjected it. Although it exhibited excellent handling characteristics during its demonstration flights to the Army Air Corps and the United States Navy in Dayton, Anacostia, and Pensacola, its almost docile response to stalls proved inadequate to fulfill its intended purpose; as a result, the installation steel bite pro of triangular stall strips, made of wood, on its lower wings severely interrupted the air flow during high attack angles and remedied the deficiency.

The Navy, the more interested of the two, ordered 41 aircraft, plus spares, in May of 1934 for a version with a 200-hp Wright J5 radial engine called the Model 73, but designated NS-1 for the Navy. The first production aircraft was rolled out in December of that year.

A modified version, incorporating a new main undercarriage and alternatively powered by a 225-hp Wright R-760 and an equally powered, nine-cylinder Lycoming R-680 radial engine, had been designed that summer and had been targeted toward the Army Air Corps. When funding had ultimately been allocated the following year, the Army Air Corps itself had issued specifications to the Stearman Aircraft Company, resulting in an order for 20, as well as spares, of the Lycoming version designated Model X75, but called the PT-13 for Army operation.

The two-seat primary training biplane design, identical to both operators with the exception of some minor features, incorporated a rectangular welded steel tube fuselage which had been covered with metal panels on its forward section and fabric on its aft end and rendered a 25-foot, ¼-inch overall length. Its single-bay, unequally spanned, staggered upper and lower wings, using an NACA 2213 wing section, were built up of spruce-laminated spars and ribs. The center section of its upper wing was carried by wire-braced steel tube struts, while “N”-type steel tube interplane struts carried it on either of its sides. Fabric-covered, they attained motion about its longitudinal axis by the duralumin ailerons installed on the trailing edge of its lower wings, and collectively featured a 32.2-foot span and a 297.4-square-foot area.

The fabric-covered, welded steel tube, wire-braced tailplane and vertical fin featured trim tabs on its elevators.

The divided, cantilever undercarriage, incorporating a metal fairing-enclosed, torque-resisting oleo spring shock absorber in each of its main legs, had been fitted with hydraulic wheel brakes and a steerable tail wheel.

The dual, tandem, open cockpits accommodated a flight instructor and a student pilot, and baggage could be stored in the enclosed compartment behind the rear of the two.

Powered by a twin-bladed, adjustable-pitch, metal propeller mounted on a steel tube whose radial engine was fed by a center-section, 43 US gallon fuel tank and a four US gallon oil tank installed in the engine compartment itself, the aircraft, with a 1,936-pound empty weight and 2,717-pound gross eight, could climb at 840 feet-per-minute, attaining a maximum 124-mph speed and an 11,200-foot service ceiling. Range was 505 miles. Cruise speed, at a 65-percent power setting, was 106 mph, while landing speed was a docile 52 mph.

World War II’s momentum had both paralleled and dictated the aircraft’s production run. The war department’s increasing need for primary trainers resulted in the $243,578 order for 26 PT-13As for the Army Air Corps and the $150,373 order for 20 for the Navy, while a subsequent, $3 million order for PT-13Bs represented the highest in Stearman’s history and necessitated the expansion of its factory and the increase of its workforce to a hitherto record 1,000.

In addition to the United States, the design equally had foreign application. The Model 76D1, for instance, featured a nine-cylinder, 320-hp, twin-bladed, adjustable prop Pratt and Whitney R-985-T1B engine, three.30 caliber machine guns, a two-way radio, and floats, and ten were initially ordered by the Argentine Navy. The Model 73L3, featuring a 225-hp Lycoming R-680-4 engine, was flown in the Philippines, and the aircraft also saw service in Brazil.

Indeed, by 1940, Stearman produced one PT-13-type trainer every 90 minutes, and the momentum, once set in motion, had been unarrestable. On June 25 of that year, the Navy signed a $3.8 million contract for 215-hp Lycoming R-680-8-powered N2S-2s and -5s, sparking another 40,000-square-foot factory expansion. By August, 1,100 personnel worked two eight-hour shifts six days per week, while the following month 1,400 worked round the clock on three daily eight-hour shifts.

How to Generate Tons of Traffic to Your Site by Using Public Domain Publishing

It’s a problem every internet marketer faces on a daily basis. You may have the best website in your niche market, you may have high quality products at bargain prices, you may have spent time, effort and money getting your site out there, but without traffic, it’s all pointmess!

So one of the important issues debated through countless blog posts, forum discussion groups and slick ‘solution based marketing’ gurus is this: ‘how do I get people to visit my site?’

One of the most successful ways of getting traffic to your site is to create hundreds of backlinks from other website pointing back to your sales page. So article writing, regular blog posts, joining in debates on forums and discussion groups, social networking and linking to social bookmarking sites are all great ways of creating backlinks. Of course, you need good quality material for your articles and these can be obtained by using works in the public domain that refer to your chosen niche. Apart from the time and effort involved, this method is highly cost effective.

Make Sure Your Content Is Original

In order to rank high in the search engines you need lots of original content. This drives the little bots wild with excitement and if you update your content regularly, they will have a party! If won’t happen overnight, so be patient. But this is definitely one of the best ways to get your site noticed and your products out there. Having good keywords dotted around your articles and blogposts is also crucial because  quietum plus these will also be picked up by the search engine bots. At one time the use of metatags was the big rage. That’s when you place your keys words in the HTML code of all your web pages. However, the bots are far more interested in relevant and original content placed on your site.

Even though it is perfectly legal to use works you get from the public domain as is, that is, without changing or updating them, in the long run, it won’t be very useful. Let’s be honest, there are a lot of lazy internet marketers who think they are going to become instantly rich by simply publishing duplicate content on the internet. Either they are naive or crazy, because the bots know all about our funny ways and pick up duplicate content in no time at all subsequently removing your pages from the search engine’s index. That’s why it is crucial that you make public domain content your own, that is, you tweak it, update it, add your own content, that is, make it unique.

Article Marketing

You can tweak public domain books or other writings and get dozens of articles that you can then submit to article directories. With a link back to your site in the resource box, you’ll undoubtedly drive massive traffic to your site using this method. Think quality, though. If your articles sound just like every other article posted on the article directories, no one will read far enough to get to the resource box.

While writing articles from material culled from the public domain is easier than writing them from scratch, you still want to do your best work, so spend time editing, rewriting, suplementing and using personal illustrations to support your work.

Post Articles at Revenue Sharing Sites

You can also post articles at revenue sharing sites that you get from information you cull from the public domain. Not all of them will let you post links but most of them have a profile page or resource box that you can use to point visitors back to your site. In addition, with some of these sites, you can build up quite a bit in passive income once you have a large amount of articles on the site. Again, make these articles unique and interesting. Just one public domain book could net you dozens and dozens of articles that could earn you big money!

Are Fat Burners Really Effective?

If anyone has told you that losing weight and getting back into shape is just not possible, then that person is lying. Regaining your earlier figure is quite simple if you how to go about it. Persons who have enviable bodies with flat tummies and attractive hips exercise many times a week.

In case you are truly fat or feel so and you constantly fantasize about shedding that extra flab in order to be more active, to enhance your self-esteem and to be sexually enticing or  Acidaburn just to feel healthy, go ahead and read this. Unfortunately, most of us firmly believe that one can accomplish weight loss through strenuous work and will power. And, we are absolutely right!

Is hard work and steely will to stick to a code really necessary? A revamping of eating pattern is essential. You cannot gorge all that you see and yet remain slim and trim. Working out regularly on a week-to-week basis is important. Eating sensibly and working out regularly warrant good discipline. If you are sluggish with either of them, you can forget getting back to your original shape. Also, you end up losing precious time owing to lethargic attitude. An additional motivation and assistance would be needed to adhere to your food and exercise schedule.

Fat burners are in fact slimming pills which have to be used in conjunction with diet and exercise, as per the manufacturer’s advice. This diet pill will work well with any kind of weight-reduction plan which you have been following. Actually, this pill will improve the efficacy of the plan by boosting your metabolic function. Stimulate diet pills are not effective whereas booster stimulate diet pills are known to be extremely useful and one such example is phen375.

Are fat burners really necessary? As mentioned herein above, they are diet pills meant to boost your metabolism, improve your stamina and subdue hunger pangs and food intake, while aiding speedy fat burning. Why not give it a thought? If a pill like that, when accompanied by prescribed diet and exercise regimen, can promise you a sensuous and sexy figure, then why hesitate?

What you need to tackle next is to find out if the intended fat burner will deliver the desired results. Please remember that the market is overflowing with diet supplements that promise the moon. Each individual has a different constitution and inherited qualities and therefore, these pills act differently on each person. Hence, you cannot make an informed opinion easily. In such circumstances, it is recommended that you must consider going for such a diet pill which is made up of standard constituents and promises great results.

4 Useful Categories of Games for Online Casinos

Playing casino-derived games online is a great form of entertainment. You could experience fun in a two-fold manner when engaging in those wonderful pastimes – one that is characterized by the exciting formats and settings and another that is described by the seemingly endless flow of money for every winning chance. Also, the บาคาร่า good thing about playing casino online is that you could choose from a wide selection. Arranged with your mood in mind, here are some helpful categories of casino games online arranged in this manner – B-Bonus, A-Action, L-Luck and M-Mind, grouped as the BALM categorization.

B for Bonus: Let the Money Come In

You should definitely touch on those games that could guarantee you great jackpots if you are the type who finds leisure in delving on those entertaining activities. For instance, playing progressive games is a great idea if you want to go for high bonuses, granted that the jackpot value constantly rises for every active player of specific games belonging to such game category counted at a given time.

A for Action: See the Excitement First-Hand

If you want to have an exciting experience in playing casino games online, then you have a great option to witness the action yourself by watching live games online. Games played live by live dealers such as baccarat, roulette, blackjack and the like are commonly offered by website offering those these days.

L for Luck: Spin Multiple Chances

Playing casino games at websites would entail you to have luck riddling your mind. Thus, if you are in the mood to talk to Lady Luck, you should make it a point to play those that are reliant to chances such as online casino slots games which are played when two or three similar image reels match at a given round. You could also choose to play classic table games such as sic bo, craps, roulette and the like, provided that the casino game website of your choice has those games in tow.

M for Mind: Enjoy Playing With Cards

Winning with strategy is among the best ways to enjoy casino games online. You actually have a lot of chances to learn new techniques when dealing with strategy-based formats such as card games like baccarat blackjack, poker and the like. Those could harness your sense of developing strategies against the counter-strategies prepared against you by other players.

Be Entertained! Win Jackpots with Online Poker

Have you ever experienced poker download? Have you ever played poker online? Do you ever think why people play poker online? Then do one thing, give online poker a try! When you play poker online, you will certainly say that you have caught the excitement and jackpots right on your computer and from the comfort of your own home. Just as in every aspect of life, the Internet has opened up great new opportunities in the world of poker. Best online poker games, multiplayer games on money tables, video poker and monster pots give real poker to play and LAS VEGAS & ATLANTIC CITY gambling to enjoy.

Traditionally, when you thought of poker, you would envision a bar room full of the questionable types, or a back room filled with smoke, noise and crowd, where betting and danger evolves. But poker over the internet is peaceful and entertaining. Online situs poker online terpercaya poker brings the best poker games to play to every corner of the world, and allows everyone to enjoy the challenge and the excitement of winning. The advantages of online poker are countless and fun beyond words. Online poker is LIVE, SECURE, INTERESTING and REWARDING. Online poker is non-stop; play Omaha Poker, Texas Holdem and other poker games 24*7. Multiplayer, virtual online poker rooms where multiplayer LOW-LIMIT and HIGH-LIMIT games are played. Professional online poker players participate in live tournaments and compete for monster pots. So get the poker download for FREE and play poker games Online.

Online poker games are played both for FUN and REAL MONEY. If you are looking for real poker actions then open a real money account. To do this, you must:

1. Download an online poker software for free.

2. Start playing for FREE instantly or if you want to play for real money, then open a real money account.

3. After opening the account deposit your money, check your account history, access your bonus account and cash out.

With online poker play favorite poker games online, everything from Omaha Holdem Poker to Caribbean Poker. After a few rounds of online poker, you may not even want to play offline. Because the excitement of online poker is just as real, and the excitement is great. Give online poker a try and see what the magic world of online poker brings for you!

Gambling Addiction Can Ruin You

Everyone in this world wants to make money; easy money is something that involves a hell lot of risk. Gambling is said to be the thing that can make you rich but can also make you bankrupt. When in Vegas people say nothing is better than the gambling casinos in Vegas. A place where a person might come as a pauper and leave with a money but what happens in a reverse scenario, a person that is supposed to be a millionaire might become a beggar. Gambling is a common thing with many people around who spend money on betting, some turn out to be the winners and some loose. A visit to a casino doesn’t mean that it is a bad Situs judi online habit, it is just the testing of ones luck. But a frequent visit to a gambling station would mean that you are addicted to gambling. The legal gambling industry is on an all time high in America. Where you get gambling casinos in your home town, and the Internet that seems to have made the world small.

Gambling can be of various types such as at casinos, card rooms, mobile gambling, Internet and many various types of gambling that people are addicted to. Gambling involves a lot of stake where your money is put to the ultimate test of dragging in along more money but this might not turn out to be the case, and you might find yourself losing. Your luck is tested and said to turn negative, but it is not that you were unlucky. In fact you were foolish where you kept on losing even though there were no signs of winning and then you start cursing yourself by saying that you are a person that has all the ill luck in the world. A pathologic gambler will find problems such as family ones, debts, suicidal tendencies and many more. In order to triumph over your bad habit of gambling problem you can look for help from a hypnosis session that you can conduct your self.

Gambling is looked upon as an illness that is chronic and progressive but can be treated with timely help. Hypnosis is said to be the solution to your problem as in the past it has treated many addictions such as alcohol

Myths About Pre Workout Supplements For Women

Everyone wants to stay fit, be it a 10 year old kid or a young adult, the vibe of staying fit is the same everywhere. In the olden days fitness was just associated with men and their maintained bodies, but today, women have also come in the league of staying fit. They are now adding a new market to the fitness products, sports centres and gyms. A large number of them have even started taking pre workout supplements, as most men in the gym do.

These supplements which were once primarily available for men only are now specifically being made for women in accordance to their body to fulfil their specific needs. These supplements have become an integral part of women who practice – bodybuilding, various kinds of sports activities or the ones who do a lot of gyming.

Consumed by women in accordance to the level of workout practised by them or the type of exercise performed, pre workout supplements differ with the differing needs of women’s body.

The Biggest Myths of Pre Workout Supplements

When the market is hit by a new product people leave no stone unturned to talk all about it – good or bad, right or wrong. So is the case with workout supplements! This is one of the biggest reasons why people, especially women are filled with hesitation to use the pre workout supplements. They have questions from all directions about its side-effects, body changes, etc. This may lead to the development of several wrong notions about pre-workout supplements in the minds of people, which eventually makes them even more concerned about the adverse effects Mellitox these may have on their bodies. However, all of these are not true!

Here’s a List of Myths Women Supplements Are Said To Have

1. Pre workout supplements should only be taken by Professional Bodybuilders?

One of the most common questions asked by women across the globe before taking any kind of supplement is its use for them. Since ages people think that workout supplements are only meant for professionals, but this is the biggest myth which people believe in. This connotation needs to be taken aback.

The bodybuilding supplements are not just for professionals. They are mainly used for the development of the muscles and body’s physique when combined with exercises. This means bodybuilding supplements can be taken by anybody who performs exercises on a regular basis.

It can be taken by anyone who wishes to develop a perfect physique. The only thing that you should actually be concerned about is the amount the supplement you should take. So, make sure you consult your gym instructor to guide you about the optimal quantity that should be taken by you in order to achieve optimum results.

Get a Flat Belly With a Slim Weight Patch – Lose Up to 10 Lbs in 15 Days

Losing weight has never been so easy. There are a lot of weight loss products in the shape of pills and capsules but nothing seems to work better than a slim weight patch.

Weight patches are the current buzz word among people trying to get rid of those extra pounds. Excess body fat is one of the most basic reasons of all your weight problems and you would agree with me than belly fat looks ugly and is also the root cause of many okinawa flat belly tonic health problems.

Lose Belly Fat with Slim Weight Patch

Excess fat in your body is a result of two main factors. First of all, excessive caloric consumption and secondly a slow metabolism.

Regular exercise is one of the best ways to ensure faster metabolism and burn fat in your body. Moreover, a slim patch can be highly effective in increasing your metabolism.

It contains ingredients such as gaurana, lecithin, l-canitnine, fucus vesiculosus, garcinia cambogia etc., Such ingredients seek out for your thyroid once they are in the bloodstream since it is the gland that regulates your metabolism. Once they reach the thyroid they help boost the production of thyroid hormone so as to increase the level of Iodine which then burns or oxidizes stored fat in your body.

Besides this, some other ingredients such as yerba mate, 5HTP etc., are highly effective in reducing your appetite. This ensures a dramatic cut in your caloric consumption. The net effect is that you lose weight quick and fast.

A good quality patch can easily help you knock off up to 6 pounds within a week. At this rate, you can easily lose up to 10 lbs within 15 days!

How to Play Slot Machines For Fun – Casino Slot Machines

If you want to learn playing slot machines for fun, then read this. You will learn how to increase your winnings in casino slot machines.

A number of people want to play slot machines because it is fun. In deed, playing slots is really a good form of entertainment and recreation. There are many individuals from all walks of life want to play slot games because it relieves them from all the stresses and anxieties that they are experiencing.

Of all the many casino games available slot games is probably the easiest to play. It doesn’t require a mathematician or a rocket scientist so that you can play this game. Playing this game only needs a push of the button and a pull of the handle. After pulling the handle, the excitement and the fun begins. Slots are also nice to play with because of slotxo its colorful, bright lights and its inviting sounds. These features add up to the excitement that every individual player feels.

So that you can fully enjoy playing slot games, you need to be able to know how to win. There is no point in playing if you don’t aim to win. It is natural for every gambler to expect winning because without this expectation, the game will be dull and boring. It is in the aim of winning that every player feels the thrill of anticipating the right symbol combinations that will nail them the win to bring home the jackpot. Here are some tips which can increase your chances of winning in playing lot machines for fun:

First, it is important that you have a budget. A budget will ensure to keep you on the right track when gambling. This budget must be followed strictly so that you can fully enjoy the games. There are many players who go home with a lot of regrets because of losing too much money on slots. These people are the ones who keep on playing and losing as they neglect their own budgets.

Second, to increase your chances of winning, you need to identify the hot slots. Hot slots are usually found near winning claims booth, coffee shops or snack bars, and in elevated levels inside the casino. Avoid the machines located near tables where card games are played. There is a high possibility that these machines are bad performing ones that will not let win frequently.

Thai Boxing Matches and Tourists

Thailand is known as the land of smiles, but it also has a rougher side. The country is well known for its own form of combat called Thai boxing.

If you vacation in the country, you will inevitably run across a Thai boxing match. It is a fierce form of fighting where the elbows and knees can be used to do some serious damage to the opponent. It is vicious and incredibly exciting to watch as well. The Thais love it and it definitely qualifies as the national sport.

On your vacation, you’ll find Thai boxing going on in the strangest of places. Right in the middle of a bunch of bars and restaurants, there will often be an open area with a ring set up. You can just plop down at a table, order an adult beverage or two and watch the matches.

Sadly, you are not watching Thai boxing. You are watching entertainment. The fights are put on to get you to buy beers. This doesn’t make them any less exciting, but keep in mind they are วิจารณ์มวย fake. If you want to bet your buddies on the outcome, I can suggest an easy way to win a few free beers. The rule of each match is simple. One competitor will nearly get knocked out. He will then make a stunning comeback and wipe the other guy out. You can set your watch by it.

To find real Thai boxing matches, you need to ask around. They are occurring in just about every town. That being said, they are not in tourist areas. Instead, they are usually buried down some side road, so grab a local taxi and get a ride to one. You’ll be expected to pay at the door and the fight will not be tourist friendly. By this, I mean nobody will announce anything in English. As a result, taking a friend a Thai who speaks your language along can be a good move.

Sporting events are often a good location to see the real personality of a country. Thailand is known as the land of smiles, but there is a definite dark side. If you think everyone lives a peaceful Buddhist existence, you are going to be in for a shock at one of these matches. The Thais are no different than anyone else. They’ll be up and screaming the entire match!